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【优化方案】高考英语一轮复* 第一部分 基础考点聚焦 Unit2 English around the world课件 新人教版必修1_图文

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第一部分

基础考点聚焦 必修1

Ⅰ.单词拼写

根据音标及词义写出英文单词。

elevator [‘elIveIt?] n.电梯;升降机 1._________

petrol/gas ['petr?l] /[ɡ?s] n. 汽油 2. _________
voyage ['v?IId?] n. 航海;航行 3. _________ apartment [?'pɑ?tm?nt] n. 公寓 4. _________ lorry 5. _________ ['l?rI] n. 卡车 identity [aI'dent?tI] n. 本身;身份 6. _________

accent ['?ks?nt] n. 口音;重音 7. _________ block [bl?k] n. 街区;块 8. _________

usage ['ju?sId?] n. 用法;惯用法 9. _________ vocabulary [v?'k?bj?l?rI] n. 词汇(表) 10. ___________
recognize ['rek?ɡnaIz] vt. 辨认出;承认 11. _________

command [k?'mɑ?nd] n.& vt. 命令;掌握 12. _________
request [rI'kwest] n.& vt. 请求;要求 13. _________ native ['neItIv] adj. 本地的n.本地人 14. _________ straight [streIt] adv. 直接adj.笔直的 15. _________

Ⅱ.单词拓展 写出下列单词及其派生词。 actual adj. 实在的;真实的 1. _________ actually adv. 实际上;事实上 _________ office n. 办公室 2. _________

official adj. 官方的;正式的;公务的 _________ officer n. 军官 _________
fluent adj. 流利的;流畅的 3. _________ fluently adv. 流利地;流畅地 _________ fluency n. 流利;流畅 _________

frequent adj. 频繁的;常见的 4. _________ frequently adv. 常常;频繁地 __________ frequency n. 频繁;频率 _________
express v. 表示;表达 5. _________ expression n. 词语;表示;表达 ___________ east n. 东方 6. _________ eastern adj. 东方的;东部的 _________ eastward(s) adv. 向东 ____________

more than 1.___________ because of 2.___________ come up 3._________

超过;非常;不只是;不仅是
因为;由于 走*;上来;提出 现在;目前

at present 4.___________

make use of 5.______________ 利用;使用 such as 例如……;像这种的 6._________
play a part (in) 7.__________________ even if 即使 8._________ 扮演一个角色;参与

be based on 9.______________ 以……为基础 believe it or not 10.____________________ 信不信由你

1.Native English speakers can understand each other even if

they don’t speak the same kind of English.
以英语作为母语的人,尽管他们所讲的英语不尽相同,也可 以相互理解。

[解读] even if意为“即使;尽管”,引导让步状语从句。
[仿写] 如果你微笑,即使你情绪不好,它也会立刻改善你 的心情。 even if you’re in a bad mood ,it will If you smile, ___________________________ immediately improve your mood.

2.It was based more on German than the English we speak

at present.当时的英语更多是以德语为基础,而我们今天所说
的英语不是。 [解读] more...than...“与其说……倒不如说……”。 [仿写] 他们没有回家,与其说我担心倒不如说我生气。 more angry than worried when they didn’t come home. I was ______________________

3.Believe it or not,there is no such thing as standard English.信不信由你,没有什么标准英语。

[解读] no such...“没有这样的……”。
[仿写] 一切都是有代价的,天下没有免费的午餐。 no such thing as Everything come with a price,there is ________________ free lunch in the world.

4.So people from the mountains in the southeastern USA

speak with almost the same dialect as people in the
northwestern USA.因此,美国东南部山区的人同美国西北部 的人所说的方言就几乎相同。 [解读] the same...as...“与……相同”。 [仿写] 老师给了我和上次相同的建议。 the same advice as he did last time. The teacher gave me _________________

直接引语和间接引语(Ⅱ)
将直接引语变为间接引语。 1.“Would you please do some shopping for me,?” he asked me to him . said.→He _____________do some shopping for _____ 2.“Shall we go out for a walk?” he asked.→He suggested going _________________out for a walk.

3.“Could you please show me how to send an email?”he
asked.

to show him →He asked me _____________how to send an email.

4.John shouted,“What a beautiful girl she is!” she was a beautiful girl →John said that ___________________________ . what a beautiful girl she was . →John said that ___________________________

5.Tom said to his brother,“Good luck!”
good luck . wished →Tom _________his brother __________

Actually,each language has its own spelling,usage and expression.We can recognize a native or an official gradually by his or her accent.We all know fluent speaking requires frequent practice.

1.command

n. [C]命令,指令;[U]掌握

vt. 命令;指挥,支配;博得,赢得
(教材P12)Can you find the following command and request from Reading? 你能从阅读中找出下面的命令和要求吗?

(1)at sb.’ s command under one’s command = under the command of sb. be in command of take command of have a good command of (尤指语言 )

听某人支配 由某人指挥 掌握;控制 控制 掌握;精通

command sb.to do sth. 命令某人做某事 ? ? (2)?command that...? should? + do... ? ? 命令……做……

①I’m at your command—what would you like me to do?我 听从你的吩咐——你要我做什么? a good command of both Chinese and English,she ②With __________________ had an advantage over others. 由于精通汉语和英语,她比其他人更有优势。 ③The Food Safety Department commanded the traders to stop the use of the illegal cooking oil absolutely. 食品安全部门命令商贩杜绝使用地沟油。 (should) hand in that ④The teacher commanded ______________the students _______________ their homework after class. 老师要求学生下课后交作业。

【温馨提示】

command所接宾语从句的谓语动词用

“(should)+do”,能这样使用的动词可用以下口诀来记忆: 一坚持:insist 二命令:order,command

三建议:advise,suggest,recommend
四要求:require,request,demand,desire

2.request

n.&vt. 请求;要求

(教材P12)In English you use a command or a request when you want someone to do something. 在英语中,当你想让别人做事时,你要用命令或请求方式。

(1)make a request for
at one’s request =at the request of sb. (2)request sb.to do sth. request that...(should)do...

请求;要求

应某人的要求 请求/要求某人做某事

请求/要求……做某事
It is requested that...(should)do...要求……

①(朗文)All members of the club are requested to attend the
annual meeting.请俱乐部的全体会员务必参加年会。 ②The pianist listened to our request that he (should) play in public again. 那位钢琴家听从了我们的请求,答应再次公演。

It is requested that the articles _________ should be related to the ③_________________all
students’ life.要求所有的文章与学生的生活有关。

活用——用所给动词的适当形式填空
(should) be sent (send) to (1)They request that a delegation _______________

their country.
to touch (2)Visitors are requested not ____________(touch) the exhibits.

3.base

vt.以……为根据

n.基部;基地;基础

(教材P10)It was based more on German than the English we
speak at present. 当时的英语更多地是以德语为基础,而不是我们现在所说的 英语。

(1)base...on... (2)(sth.) be based on... (3)basic adj.

根据……;以……为基础 以……为基础

基本的,基础的

①(朗文)This provides a good base for the development of new

techniques.
这为新技术的发展提供了良好的基础。 Based on true love story,the film we watched ②__________a yesterday is highly thought of.以一个真实的爱情故事为基础, 我们昨天看的电影受到了高度评价。

活用——句型转换
(1)You should base your conclusion on careful research. be based on careful research. →Your conclusion should ___________ (2)Teaching is an art which is based on science. based on science. →Teaching is an art ___________

4.recognize

vt. 辨认出;承认;公认

(教材P13)Although many Americans move a lot,they still recognize and understand each other’s dialects. 虽然美国人经常搬迁,但他们仍然能识别并理解彼此的方言。

(1)recognize sb./one’s voice
认出某人/听出某人的声音

be recognized to be/as...被认作……/被认为是……
It is recognized that... (2)recognition n. 人们公认……

认出;认识 认不出来

out of/beyond recognition

①(2013· 高考广东卷· 完形填空)Number sense is not the ability to count.It is the ability to recognize a change in number. 数感不是数数的能力。而是识别数量变化的能力。 ②The city has been built up so fast that it’s changed beyond recognition ___________________________ . 这城市建设得真快,已看不出它原来的面貌了。

活用——写出下列句子中recognize的汉语意思 (1)You have changed so much that I can hardly recognize 辨认出 you._______ (2)He has not recognized the seriousness of the present 意识到 situation. _______

(3)Marriage without registration is not recognized by 承认 law._______
(4)The company recognized Mr.Brown’s outstanding work by 表彰 promoting him to chief accountant._______ 向……打招呼 (5)He recognized us with a wave._______________

5. more than

超过;非常;不只是,不仅是

(教材P9)Do you know that there is more than one kind of English? 你是否知道不仅仅只有一种英语?

more than+数词或从句 超过 ? ? (1)?more than+形容词 非常 ? ?more than+名词 不只是,不仅是 (2)more...than... no more than 不是……而是……; 与其说……倒不如说……

? ?not more than 不超过;至多 (3)? rather than 而不是 ? ?other than 除了;不同于

只不过;仅仅

①(2013· 高考新课标全国卷Ⅱ· 阅读理解)More than 1.25

million tickets were sold.
超过12.5万张票被销售一空。 ②(朗文)The store is more than happy to deliver goods to your home.本商店很乐意为您送货上门。 rather than ③It is you ______________he who are to blame for the

accident.是你而不是他对该事故负责任。

6. come up

走*;上来;发芽;发生;提出;

(太阳、月亮等)升起 (教材P10)I’d like to come up to your apartment. 我愿意来你的公寓。

come up with come about 发生

想出;提出

come across 穿过;(偶然)遇见;发现 come along 跟随 come to 苏醒;总计;达到;谈到

come at sb. 扑向某人
come over (to sth.) 改变立场(或看法等) come true 实现

come out 被获知;为人所知
when it comes to... 谈到…

①(2013· 高考山东卷· 阅读理解)The designer says he came up

with the idea after watching people get wet on streets in
Russia.这个设计者说,他是在俄国看见街上人们被淋湿后才 有的这个想法。 when it comes to ②I can use the computer,________________repairing it,I know nothing. 我能使用电脑,但谈到修电脑,我一无所知。

③(2013· 高考湖北卷· 阅读理解)During the trip,I was busy
recording every incident,name and place I came across. 在旅行期间,我忙着记录遇到的每件小事、名字和地方。

活用——用come的相关词语完成下列小片段 The other day when I was walking in the street,I

came across Wang Lei,an old friend of mine.She told (1)_____________ me a story of her brother’s.He once saw a dog
come at (2)_____________ a boy,which made the boy die of a disease came up with the related to a dog disease.At that time,he(3)_____________ idea to learn medicine and find a cure for the disease.In the overcome a lot of difficulties and his next 10 years,he(4)_____________ came true . dream finally(5)____________

came out Last month,his experiment for the drug(6)_____________ very successful and it was predicted that the number of people come to who can benefit from his research will (7)_____________ 1, 000,000 a year.

7. make use of

利用;使用

(教材P10)So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of

a wider vocabulary than ever before.
所以到17世纪,莎士比亚所用的词汇量比以前任何时期都大。

make full use of

充分利用

make good use of 好好利用 make little use of 不充分利用 make the most of 最好地利用

make the best of 充分利用
take full advantage of 充分利用

①Last but not least,it’s everyone’s responsibility to make

the most of water.
最后,充分利用水资源是每个人的责任。 be made of ②We should consider what use can _______________such a material.我们应该考虑这样的材料如何运用。

活用——根据汉语完成下列句子 be made good/full use of (1)Waste materials must ____________________________ (被充分利用). (2)We only have one day in Paris,so we’d better make the best/most of (充分利用) it. ______________________ arguing with him (3)It’s no use _____________________ (与他争论)-he won’t

listen.

8. because of

因为;由于

(教材P9)Later in the next century,people from England
made voyages to conquer other parts of the world and because of that,English began to be spoken in many other countries. 在下一个世纪晚期,来自英国的人们长途跋涉去征服世界的 其他地方,也是由于这一点,英语在许多国家得到使用。

(1)because of是介词短语,后跟名词、代词、动名词或名词性 从句。because是从属连词,引导原因状语从句或表语从句。 (2)owing to与because of一样,强调因果关系,作表语或状语。 (3)due to 引出造成后果的原因,在句中常作表语、状语。作状 语时与owing to同义,但due to一般不置于句首。

(4)thanks to只能用作状语,可以表达正面意思“幸亏”。
(5)on account of为介词短语,表示“由于;基于”,可作表语、 状语。

①She didn’t take part in our party because she was ill/because of her illness. 因为生病,她没有参加我们的聚会。 ②Owing to engine trouble,the plane had to make a forced

landing.
由于发动机出了毛病,飞机不得不被迫下降。 Thanks to ③_____________your help,we accomplished the task ahead of schedule. 亏得你们帮忙,我们才提前完成了任务。

1.(教材P10)Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English. 以英语作为母语的人,即使他们所讲的语言不尽相同,也可以相 互理解。

even if或even though意为“即使,尽管”,引导让步状语

从句。
①The engineers are so busy that they have zero time for outdoor sports activities,even if they have the interest.工程师很忙,尽

管他们对户外运动感兴趣也没有时间运动。
even though ②He keeps a habit of taking regular exercise,____________he doesn’t have much spare time every day. 尽管他每天没有多少闲暇时间,他依然保持着经常锻炼的*惯。

【温馨提示】

even so “虽然如此,即使如此”,在句中相当于插入语,放
于句中时,even so的前后都要有逗号,将它和句子隔开。 ③Your uncle seems to be a good driver,even so,I wouldn’t dare to travel in his car.你的叔叔看上去好似一位优秀的司机, 即使这样,我也不敢坐他的车旅行。

2.(教材P13)Believe it or not,there is no such thing as standard English. 信不信由你,(世界上)没有什么标准英语可言。

句中“no such+单数名词 ”意为 “没有这样的 ……”,其中单数 名词前不可再加冠词 ,相当于“not such a/an+单数名词”。 (1)such 与 a/an 连用时要放在 a/an 的前面; 与 all, no, some, any, few, little, many, much, several, one 等词连用时, 应位于它们的后面。 ? ?a/an+ adj.+可数名词单数 ? ? ?+ (2)such? ?adj.+不可数名词 /复数名词? ? ? that ... 如此……以致于…… (3)such...as...像……这样的……, as 在句中引导定语从句。

①He was admitted to a very famous university.But I have no such luck.他被一所非常著名的大学录取了。但我却没有这样 的运气。 Such a book as you showed me is difficult to understand. ②______________ 像你给我看的这样的书是很难理解的。 ③The book is written in such easy English as beginners can easily understand.(as引导定语从句) The book is written in such easy English that beginners can easily understand it.(that引导结果状语从句)

这本书用那么简单的英语书写,初学者能容易理解。

语法填空技法指导——考情分析 “语篇型语法填空题(合计10题,合计15分)”取代“单句 型语言知识题”是自从2007年国家实施新课标高考以来最 大的一次变化,此改良题型考纲称呼为“英语语言知识运 用 第二节”。

根据国家普通高中《英语课程标准(实验)》包含的24个语
法项目,该题考查高中英语要求掌握的语法知识,着重考 查英语中“有”而汉语中“无或少”的语法现象。

1.语篇型语法填空题提供一篇200词左右的语言材料并留出 10个空白,部分空白后面给出单词基本形式。常见语言材料 有语篇体和对话体两种。

2.考查方式有纯空格题和给出提示词题两种形式。
纯空格题以考查虚词为主。在10个空之中考查虚词运用的情 况多至4~5个空,主要考查介词、并列连词、it的虚指用法、

冠词、从句引导词(即名词性从句、定语从句或状语从句的引
导词);此外,代词、情态动词、过渡副词和语境填词也是给 出空格题常考的内容形式。答好虚词型填空试题要求考生具

有较强的语境推理能力,扎实的语法基础知识,丰富的词汇
及句型搭配和较强的英语语感。

给出提示词题一般考查4个,主要考查实词。在语言材料空白 处要求使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,主要考查对动词的 时态和语态、非谓语动词、形容词和副词的比较等级以及构

词法等知识的掌握情况。因此给出提示词题又可分为给出动
词题和词类转换两种形式。 一般来说,考查实词之处颇具情景性,即与语境有关,要求 根据上下文逻辑的发展关系进行推断。因此,正确解答实词 型填空题,弄懂短文大意至关重要。

一、注意判断词性 根据句子的结构和功能,判断是用形容词还是副词,用动词

还是名词等。
二、注意判断词形 确定词类后,必须根据句子语境的要求,对词形作必要的改 变,如动词的形式、形容词和副词的比较级和最高级;名词 的单复数等等。

“语法填空”考查的主要内容是上下文句子结构、句子成分 之间的一致性和句子与篇章在结构和意义两个层面上的制约 性。语言结构的分析能力是本题考查的重点,在做题时应该

遵循“先总后分”的原则。
1.总体 先通读全文,掌握主旨大意,了解语言材料的体裁、题材、 时态、内容、线索、意图、观点看法、段落大意、逻辑层次 等。在“总”读的过程中,可顺便填写某些空。

2.分项 “分”就是下一步的具体填空。正确理解挖空句子的含义,分

析其句子成分,判断该空需要填入的是介词、冠词、代词,还
是连词或引导词。如果是介词,则大部分是词组或固定搭配; 如果是冠词,主要是在篇章中考查其语法功能,表示泛指、特 指或类别等;如果是代词,通常考查的是人称代词的主格、宾 格或物主代词等;如果是连词、引导词,就要判断其连接的是

并列句、定语从句、状语从句还是名词性从句等。一定遵循先
对语法进行语法成分分析,找出可以从语法上说得通的可能答 案,然后通过逻辑和上下文来判断最后答案。

1.通读全文,理解大意。 首先应该迅速地浏览全文,以便了解谈论话题,特别注意材

料的首尾句。通常语言材料会在首句给出一个提纲挈领或提
供背景信息的句子,在尾句表明自己的观点;其次,要注意 一些关键词语或句子,特别是涉及人物、时间、地点、原因、 经过、结果的词句;另外,还要从语言材料的逻辑结构、上 下文联系中挖掘交谈者或作者的观点和态度。

2.试填空格,先易后难。 读懂材料之后,要结合所提供的特定的语境(也就是上下文),从 句子结构的完整性去分析思考空格所缺单词的词性,再根据

句子的意义,以及句子之间的逻辑关系来确定具体要填的单
词和所给词的正确形式。

3.再读检查,修正错误。
填好各空后,再将材料复读一遍,把已经填好的答案放在整 篇文章中来检查。如果前后有矛盾或者句子不通顺,证明有 可能出现错误,这时候就要重新予以考虑。



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